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Reprinted from Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review 
February 2, 1946, Vol. LIT, No. 13 




Reprinted from Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review 
February 2, 1946, Vol. LII, No. 13 

The Vanishing Hermit Kingdom of Korea 
as a Little American Girl Saw It. 


By Annie Heron Gale 

OREA, my childhood home, is a 
beautiful land of peaks and valleys 
and, on three sides, the sea. One 
of East Asia’s great peninsulas, its shape 
has been likened to that of Florida, but it 
is as large as Minnesota and resembles 
California in its physical contours. A long 
range of mountains forms its spinal column 
along the eastern side, sloping into fertile 
plains toward the western coast and the 
Yellow Sea. For a thousand years these 
plains were the causeway over which the 
all-embracing culture of China passed to 

The Korean climate is delightful, suf- 
ficiently cold in winter for skating on the 
rivers and without the long hot summers 
of most of the other oriental countries. 
There is a brief but very hot and sticky 
rainy season during the months of July 
and August, when shoes and leather-bound 
books mold overnight and food cannot be 
kept from one meal to another. But this 
trying season lasts only a short time, and 
the most glorious autumn weather follows 
and lasts until almost Christmas. 

The people are pleasant, easygoing, 
lovable, and loyal. Probably too easygoing 

Annie Heron Gale is the wife of Esson M. Gale, 
Counselor to Foreign Students and Director of the Inter- 
national Center. She was born in Korea, where her 
parents were among the earliest American Presbyterian 
missionaries. Her early years were spent in Seoul, but 
she removed to Wonsan, in the rugged country of the 
northeast coast, while still a little girl. After some six 
years of study in different schools in Europe she returned 
to Korea as a missionary, where she met her husband, 
who was then connected with the American diplomatic 
service in China. 

for their own good or that of their country, 
‘for they lost their native land to the Japa- 
nese in 1910, when it was annexed by the 
“Island Dwarfs,” as the Koreans called 
their hated overlords. The Korean people 
have a distinct history and culture of their 
own, although they resemble the Chinese, 
whom they look to with admiration and 
respect and to whom for years they paid 

In China the masses wear blue, but Korea 
is a country of people dressed in white. At 
least it was so when I lived there. One 
was constantly surprised at seeing a man 
dressed in immaculate white coat and 
full baggy trousers emerge from a little 
thatched-roof hut. How anything so pure 
and white could come out of some of those 
hovels was truly a mystery. However, the 
constant sound of clothes being beaten on 
the stones on near-by streams and the un- 
ceasing tap-tap-tap of those same clothes 
being pounded on smooth stone tables to 
iron them and give them a high polish 
solved this mystery. The Korean woman, 
Koseki (What’s-her-name), works like a 
slave to keep her lord and master in this 
gorgeous white apparel. 

In my childhood I saw the Korean men 
wearing their hair long and combed up 
into a tight knot ( sangtoo ) on top of the 
head, the early Ming period style of hair- 
dress in China. Around the forehead they 
bound a woven horsehair band, which kept 
everything neat and smooth. On top of 
this was worn a black horsehair hat with 
a string of amber beads or, more frequently, 


a black ribbon of 
gauze tied under the 
chin to hold the hat 

Women never 
appeared on the 
street in daylight 
hours, as they were 
not supposed to be 
seen by men. After 
sundown, however, 
the curfew was 
sounded and all the 
men were obliged to go indoors and the 
women emerged to do the shopping or go 
visiting, each wearing a man’s green silk 
coat over her head. This garment entirely 
covered the individual except for a peep- 
hole for one eye. 

The men and women never met in public 
places, so the missionaries’ church services 
had to be held in separate buildings or at 
different times. Later it became the custom 
to put up a high partition in each church, 
and men and women, entering by different 
doors, were segregated on either side. 

The Koreans drank tea from a.d. 700 
until 1500, then they stopped, no one knows 
why, and have never taken it up again. But 
buried teapots of porcelain and of gourds, 
beautifully executed in the forms of cranes, 
ducks, and other birds, have been found. 
For serving food the wealthier people use 
extensively dishes made of brass which has 
a satiny golden sheen like no other brass in 
the world. This metal is also made into 
spoons, chopsticks, and graceful, delicately 
chased urns, candlesticks, and braziers, and 
the famous Korean cabinets and chests are 
beautifully decorated with it. 

Korea was called the Hermit Kingdom, 
because, until the first treaty with America, 
negotiated by Commodore Shufeldt in 
1882, she had no intercourse with the out- 
side world except for the Japanese, with 
whom she had made a treaty in 1876, and 
the Chinese, whom she regarded as hec 
friends, their country being her cultural 


mother. Previously, 
Catholic missionaries 
had somehow en- 
tered Korea and had 
been promptly mur- 
dered. The Ameri- 
can merchant vessel, 
the General Sher- 
man, came up the 
river to the city of 
Pingyang in 1866, 
and the craft and all 
her crew were de- 
stroyed. The Koreans were determined to 
keep to themselves and have no dealings 
with the much-feared white men. How- 
ever, they finally succumbed to diplomatic 
persuasion and, with the consent of China, 
opened their doors, but not entirely in a 
welcoming spirit. It was then that the Pres- 
byterian Board of Foreign Missions in New 
York felt that it was the opportune moment 
to start their work in Korea. 

M y father was Dr. John W. Heron, 
a young man who had come from 
England with his parents when a lad and, 
after winning medals in every department 
at the medical school of the University of 
Tennessee, felt the urge to use his knowl- 
edge in the mission field. He was appointed 
the first Presbyterian missionary to the 
faraway and almost unknown Kingdom of 
Korea. As was the practice of young M.D.’s 
in those days, he had worked under a 
Tennessee doctor and plantation owner. He 
had become engaged to the doctor’s only 

At the Board rooms in New York City, 
my father was asked if Miss Harriet Gib- 
son, his fiancee, could bake bread and cook. 
My father was rather nonplused, for in 
the charming Southern home, where he had 
been so often entertained, there were many 
colored servants and he did not know 
whether the lovely and gifted young lady 
whom he loved had had any experience in 
the kitchen. However, he recalled that on 

Jade Emblem of Nobility 
One of Two Presented by the King to the Author's Father 



one occasion he had been served a delicious 
lemon pie, which he was told she had baked, 
and so he decided that anyone who could 
make such heavenly pie certainly could bake 
that much more ordinary food, bread. 
Needless to say, little Miss Harriet, on 
hearing this, had old black Aunt Easter 
teach her the art of breadmaking, as well 
as other things, so that in a far-off heathen 
land she could pass on her knowledge to a 
Korean cook. 

An ocean trip in those days, 

1885, was nothing like the 
voyages on the transpacific lux- 
ury liners we recently knew. 

The little band of young mis- 
sionaries, mostly brides and 
grooms, including Methodists 
as well as Presbyterians, made 
the voyage together. In Japan 
they transshipped to a small 
steam tug, which took them on 
the final lap of their long and 
wearying trip. This last part of 
the journey on the dirty and 
smelly little craft, with a fierce 
typhoon blowing and tossing 
them about, was such a terrible 
experience that my mother never forgot it 
and was always reminded of it whenever she 
was to take an ocean voyage. 

At the seaport of Chemulpo in Korea, 
where the party was to land, it was found 
that an uprising among the people against 
these intruders was taking place at Seoul, 
the near-by capital. It was not thought safe, 
especially for the women and children, to 
go ashore, so the men with families had to 
return with them to Japan, leaving some of 
the bachelors to spy out the situation. That 
enforced return to Yokohama afterwards 
proved to be most useful to these inexperi- 
enced young people, for they were greatly 
helped by the advice of the older mission- 
aries in Japan. 

T he story of finding houses in which to 
live and the ether hardships of those 
first days in a strange land among more or 

less unfriendly people is too long to tell. 
Because of ever-present danger, my mother 
for years went to bed with a hatchet by her 
side and my father had his gun handy. 
They had to flee to the United States Lega- 
tion to be under the protection of American 
marines during several antiforeign riots. 
But little by little the populace was won 
over, especially because Their Majesties, 
the King and Queen, were friendly and 
helpful. An old “haunted” 
official residence was bought, 
and my parents remodeled it, 
putting in chimneys and glass 
windows and succeeding in 
making not only a comfortable 
home but a most attractive one. 
It was here that I was born. I 
was not the first white child 
born in the Land of Morning 
Calm, but the second one, and 
what a disappointment I was to 
the little following of friendly 
Koreans, who felt it a disgrace 
that my parents should have a 
girl instead of a boy. 

My baby days were spent 
in sitting or crawling on the 
heated k’ang floors. These stone and clay 
floors had flues underneath, and a very 
heavy oiled paper pasted over them made 
the floors look very much like polished 
hardwood. Nevertheless, they were much 
more comfortable than our floors for a baby 
to play on, as they were warm. The Koreans 
sit and sleep on the floor on mats of straw 
or brilliantly embroidered red silk or felt 
cushions. But, unfortunately, the cooking is 
done by the same fire which heats these 
floors, and in summer it is not at all com- 
fortable. We had, however, an American 
cookstove, so did not have to use the flues in 
the warm weather. 

From the very first I loved the Koreans, 
from the highest to the lowest. No matter 
how dirty or disheveled they might 
appear, I always had a smile for them. My 
mother was much embarrassed, however, 
when she took me out dressed in my best 

The Two Little Sisters 
in Korea 

From a Sketch by Their 

dawn IN the land 

imeril™ :! 5 h " Of the 

ski!, HW lre i d th 4 I f oreans ’ sm °oth olive 
kin, their almond-shaped eyes, their black 

thS; a adb nd f hed with ^-yheS 

that I had been fortunate enough to have 
had these merits too. My appearance from 
the native ?ofot of view was anything but 
attractive. looked ffded. 

and my gray-His Majesty’s question had 
in the lowest form of the 
e, such as was used in talking 
a people, and my parents 
:he King might have been 
;uch disrespect. Quite to the 
oimd it most amusing to hear 
aerican child talking his lan- 



T dimly remember my first audience at 
1 court when 1 was hardly four years old. 
M n W‘ h ^ become P h ysician to Their 

S whfch"? T a t head o{ the mission 

^ , ’ bic h had the patronage of the Kino- 
and Queen. Often when he was called m 
the palace to see some sick member of the 

^ be asked to bring 

his little girl along. But as these calls were 

takeaTlT ^ m °f St inconvenien t times to 
made S h ° me > he had a lways 

day when the 

incident of those early days 
d to me by my mother. My 
was a 

The Home in Seoul 

were like “addled eggs.” My skin seemed 
to them a sickish white, probably made so, 
they thought, by using too much soap when 

As I grew older, I often stood in front 
ot the mirror, pulling the corners of my 
eyes up and smoothing down my hair with 
water, after my mother had taken great care 
to curl it. But, in spite of my looks, I was 
pampered and spoiled by all the servants, 
who thought nothing too hard or trouble- 
some to do if it pleased or made the kun- 
saksi happy. 

hour was . especially arranged, and I was 
dressed with much care and drilled in court 
manners. With my most beautiful French 
doll in my arms, a gift of the diplomatic 
representative of France, one of my father’s 
grateful patients, we set out for the palace. 
I sat on my mother’s lap in a gorgeous red 
palanquin carried by eight bearers, who were 
dressed in loose dark-green coats with red 
sashes and who had red cow-tails hanging 
from their black felt hats. My father rode 
in a bright-green palanquin, and beside 
us trotted two soldiers in their colorful 



uniforms. These escorts were sent to my The sweeping roofs were supported by 
father from the palace as guards. huge red pillars, and the beamed ceilings 

Dr. Heron was now a high Korean offi- were gorgeously painted with birds and 
cial, having been knighted by the King, with flowers in most exotic colors and designs, 
appropriate insignia in gold buttons and Here in the immense hall on a raised 
carved jade medallions. Thus, bystanders dais sat the King of Korea and his con- 

and passers-by along the road on seeing 
this escort were expected to prostrate them- 
selves or dismount from their ponies while 
the great man passed. This ceremony, of 
course, greatly disturbed my father. 

n those days, 
ing like the 
tnspacific lux- 
cently knew. 

'f young mis- 
! brides and 
y Methodists 
terians, made 
ler. In Japan 
d to a small 
took them on 
[ieir long and 
iis last part of 

The Two Little Sisters 

sort, Queen Min. They were dressed in 
rich brocades and were most impressive in 
their dignity and pomp. We all bowed 
very low, three times, and then were told 
to come nearer to the throne. After taking 
official residence 
and my parents : 
putting in chimn 
windows and s 
making not only ! 
home but a most z 
It was here that 
was not the firsl 
born in the Lane 
Calm, but the sec 
what a disappoint 
the little followir 
Koreans, who fel 

T , that mv oarents s** uiu uavt a. 

I remember qu.te well the excitement a few steps forward, we again bowed low 
of this very important occas.on. My mother the King in a pleasant voice welcomed m 
kept telling me that I must bow very low and my father answered appropriately, but 
three times when I came before the King through an interpreter who was convSsant 

Sirs# asatr? s* fcgrsts 

the advice given me by my little Korean a twinkle of amusement mZrSw,* hYn7 
nurse meant more to me. In my mind she some fnre anrl f a PP ear on his hand- 

knew far more about such affairs tZ Ly of hiT ^ °“ ^ "° 

American mother. v • * , 

On our arrival at the palace the ereat “WU h P ° mted t0 me and asked > 
wooden gates were slowly swung open with I YnsweSd'whh 'IT- armS ’ L £ Ie gid ? ” 
much creaking of the hinges. The oaJan- ent-’ 1 W , thout . llesitatlon - Forgetting 
quins continued through the many courts nurse t C * m . 0nitl0ns m y mother and 

and smaller gateways until we finally language Ttold His °V° Urt 

arrived outside the royal apartments Here Knfe S ’ 1 j Majesty in ordinary 

we were slowly set downanTS much baby Thifs’ 7 T” ( “ h d my 

ceremony, were helped out and escorted Unit, j so amused the King that he 
by palace officials up innumerable stairs He^he ° Ut ° U f and gknced at the Queen, 
and through many galleries until we finally down the T* fr ° m j‘ S thr ° ne 3nd Came 
arrived in front of the great audience hall hand he leefm me ’ 3nd taking my 

ne led me t0 h >s private apartments. 



There he showed me beautiful embroidered 
screens depicting scenes of old Korean 
legends and history. We sat together on 
red silk cushions embroidered in all the 
colors of the rainbow and chatted away as if 
we were old friends. 

My mother and father, who did not 
follow us but remained in the audience 
chamber, were somewhat worried when we 
did not reappear for some time. They 
finally asked permission to look for me. 
My reply to His Majesty’s question had 
been couched in the lowest form of the 
Korean tongue, such as was used in talking 
with common people, and my parents 
feared lest the King might have been 
offended at such disrespect. Quite to the 
contrary, he found it most amusing to hear 
this little American child talking his lan- 
guage so fluently. 

A nother incident of those early days 
was told to me by my mother. My 
father, who was a very skilful surgeon, 
had often operated on Koreans for harelip. 
He had had great success in performing 
this operation, and the news had spread. 
One day he was called to the palace. The 
Queen’s cousin was afflicted with a harelip, 
and, since no one with any kind of blemish 
was allowed at court, this relative had 
never been able to take his rightful place 
with the royal family. My father was con- 
sulted and was certain he could correct the 
disfigurement. However, when it was found 
that a steel knife was to be used for the 
operation, there was much opposition. Steel, 
the material of the sword or dagger, should 
not be allowed to touch the royal person. 
Eventually the young man underwent a 
very successful operation, and there was no 
bounds to the gratitude of the royal family 
— of the Queen in particular. 

Presents and honors of all kinds were 
showered on my father. I have today the 
eightfold silken screen sent to him by Their 
Majesties. It is embroidered in delicate 
designs of flowers and poetic Chinese 

characters. But these presents were not 
always so acceptable, for on one occasion 
fourteen court dancing girls between the 
ages of sixteen and eighteen, chosen from 

The Kinc of Korea 

Later Made Puppet Emperor by the Japanese 
(Reprinted from the Spring- 1944 Quarterly Review) 

throughout the kingdom for their beauty 
and grace, with their fourteen maids and 
fourteen palanquins and fifty-six bearers, 
arrived in our front courtyard. Much to 
my parents’ dismay, they found that these 
dainty and gorgeously attired little enter- 
tainers had been sent to amuse the “honored 
physician.” The denouement of this situa- 
tion was a very difficult one; my father did 
not wish to offend the King, but of course 
could not accept the gift. His professional 
instincts suggested the little beauties be 
trained as nurses for his hospital. Mother 
demurred at even this, and the whole lot 
of giggling girls were sent back to the 



On Korean holidays it was customary 
for the King to send presents to those he 
wished to honor. Long processions of palace 
servants would come bearing hundreds of 
eggs (more or less fresh), chickens, pheas- 
ants (in season), dates, persimmons, rice, 
cakes, fans, straw mats, and embroidered 
cushions and screens. These were gala days 
for me and, especially, for the servants, to 
whom much of the food went. 

Many are the stories that were told to 
me of these early days in this exotic land 
and among this strange people. But to me 
it was all the most natural thing in the 
world. I had the Korean point of view and 
spoke the language far more fluently than 
English. I preferred their very highly 
seasoned food to that of our own table. In 
fact, when my New England grandmother 
came to live with us some years later, she 
felt that her two little granddaughters were 
just as much heathen as the people of the 
country. She immediately set to work teach- 
ing us the multiplication table, which we 
learned by rote without understanding what 
it was all about. 

I lost my own father from cholera, the 
dread disease of the Orient, when I was 
only four and, in due course, acquired a 
stepfather. One day a Korean Buddhist 
priest came to call on him, and as my step- 
father was busy at the time, I entertained 
the shaven-headed guest. I taunted him, 
saying that I could repeat my Buddhist 
prayer faster than he could say his and 
immediately started reciting the multipli- 
cation table. The faster I went, the rounder 
the old priest’s eyes became. When I finally 
stopped, he was gasping with astonishment 
at my ability to recite so rapidly, and he 
conceded that I could say my Buddhist 
prayer faster than he could say his. 

S oon after we went to live with our step- 
father, we were transferred to the east 
coast of Korea to open up a new mission 
station. Well I remember that wonderful 
trip across the peninsula by sedan chair. It 

took us seven days to cross the famous 
Diamond Mountains and ford the interven- 
ing rivers and mountain streams. So that 
their bridges will not be carried away by 
the floods, the Koreans have a -habit of 
taking them down during the summer rains. 

This trip was through beautiful but 
wild country. The long-haired man-eating 
tigers of Korea abounded and forced the 
inhabitants of the little villages to go in- 
doors before dark. We traveled with a 
huge caravan j my mother and we children 
in sedan chairs, my stepfather on horse- 
back. Pack ponies carried our household 
equipment, bedding, and supplies of food. 
Our escorts were the same faithful soldiers 
who had been provided us years before by 
the King. We traveled by royal post road. 
Horses and bearers were supplied us at the 
King’s command, thus avoiding any trouble 
of hiring them ourselves. At night we 
stopped at inns and slept in dirty, stuffy 
little rooms, which one of our servants, 
having preceded us by twenty-four hours, 
had cleaned and disinfected against vermin 
and disease. My younger sister and I 
thought this trip was a most wonderful 
experience and what was a great hardship 
to my delicate mother was nothing but fun 
for us. 

I remember waking up one morning 
after a very hot July night spent on the 
heated floors to find our pack animals 
munching their boiled beans and straw 
just outside our door. The Koreans, solici- 
tous for their diminutive ponies, always 
provided them with warm feed and, strap- 
ping them up in slings attached to the raft- 
ers, never allowed them to lie down. My 
little sister said, “We are just like Joseph 
and Mary who slept in the stable with the 
animals when Jesus was born.” 

One night my mother heard what she 
thought was the heavy but soft tread of a 
huge tiger pass the open door of the little 
cubicle at the inn where she and my step- 
father were sleeping. She quickly arose and 
shut the door. This awoke my stepfather, 



who remonstrated with her concerning the 
closing of the door as it was the only source 
of ventilation for the little room and the 
summer heat was extreme. My mother 
told him what she had heard, but he 
thought she had dreamed it. However, 
just then gongs and shouts were heard com- 
ing from next door. It was found that a 
pig had been carried off by a tiger — no 
doubt, the tiger my mother had heard pass 
the open door a few moments before. 

In spite of the excitement of this great 
adventure of traveling, I had a feeling of 


osity to the natives, who looked upon us 
as very strange creatures indeed. My sister 
and I especially excited much attention. 

I awoke one morning to find the tough 
mulberry-bark paper, which was pasted on 
the latticed door of our little room, punc- 
tured with peepholes. At each hole was an 
eye. The inhabitants of the village were 
having a look at these curious little crea- 
tures. In righteous indignation I rose up 
“in my birthday dress,” opened the door 
wide, and gave them quite a lecture in 
fluent Korean on the impropriety of such 

A Korean Nobleman Takes His Ease 

disappointment and shame. We, who had 
always lived in the capital and had been 
officials from the Korean point of view, 
were sent to live in a country town. This 
was a great comedown of course, especially 
from the Korean way of looking at it. I 
never failed to tell the natives of each 
village we passed through that we were 
from Seoul, an unnecessary procedure as 
our language was definitely that of the 

Only one other white man had preceded 
us on this trip. We were thus a great curi- 

actions. I heard one of the spectators say, 
“Why she is made just like we are, only she 
has a whiter skin,” and then all of a sud- 
den I realized that I was exposing myself 
without a stitch of clothing to the gaze of 
the populace. But that did not hurt the 
pride of a six-year-old half as much as their 
inquisitive rudeness. 

O ur life at the little seaport of Won- 
san, on the northeast coast of Korea, 
was entirely different from that we had 
lived in Seoul. My mother was the only 



white woman and my sister and I the only 
American children. Our city servants stayed 
with us for a while, but soon could not en- 
dure being exiled from their homes. So they 
returned to Seoul, leaving us with green 
country help who were difficult to train. 
On one occasion my mother was entertain- 
ing at tea the Commissioner of Customs, a 
European gentleman, when the houseboy 
appeared carrying in his hands a large white 
“chamber.” He had decided to pass through 
the drawing room on his way to the bed- 
room and by so doing show off what he 
felt was a very beautiful porcelain dish. 

The house we had rented was a flimsy 
one-story wooden building built by Japa- 
nese carpenters high up on a hill overlooking 
the sea. There were no chimneys or cellar, 
and during the near-Siberian winters the 
cold winds blew our carpets up from the 
thin floors and the stoves we had brought 
with us did not draw, filling the rooms 
with smoke. Many a time my mother took 
us children to bed with her in the middle 
of the day, so that we might keep warm 
until the wind would change and the fires 
in the stoves would burn again. 

That first winter was a terrible one, 
especially for my mother, who never re- 
covered from the cold she took. Potatoes 
froze in our dining room, and I remember 
well eating Japanese tangerine oranges 
which had ice in them and thinking how 
wonderful they were. 

But when summer came, we forgot the 
hardships of the winter. From our front 
porch we looked out onto the sparkling, 
blue Japan Sea. We went bathing and ate 
delicious fresh fish such as we had never 
before tasted. 

My sister and I found for playmates the 
half-European and half-Chinese children of 
the Commissioner of Customs. My mother 
soon discovered that she could do a real 
piece of missionary work in that mixed 
family. She taught the little Chinese mother 
to make American dresses and suits for the 
children and gave recipes and advice for 

feeding and training them. 

When my grandmother came out from 
New Hampshire, she started a little school 
for us and for these playmates of ours. We 
all became fast friends, and, years later, 
when we went to Switzerland for our 
schooling, they came along with us. The 
eldest finally came to America and went to 
a well-known Eastern college, where she 
graduated with highest honors. The 
brother and three sisters all did well for 
themselves, due to my mother, who started 
them out right and gave them their first 

That first Christmas in Wonsan my 
parents gathered together in our sitting 
room a group of “new believers” and, after 
the Bible reading and hymn singing, dis- 
tributed presents. My stepfather had had a 
small pine tree cut from the hills near by; 
mother fabricated Christmas tree trim- 
mings. There were a tin washbasin, a small 
towel, and a cake of soap for each guest — 
with the inference that cleanliness was next 
to godliness, I suppose. Later we heard 
from an outsider that when asked what had 
taken place at the “Jesus-believing house,” 
one of the guests said that he had been 
given a pan in which to cook his rice and 
a cloth to tie around his head, but the cake 
was very hard eating as it foamed in his 

W hen the Japanese-Chinese War was 
taking place in 1894, Wonsan’s har- 
bor was the center of movement of Japanese 
troops. They were brought in great numbers 
in troopships and men-of-war and were 
marched northward to meet the Chinese on 
the border of Korea and Manchuria. This 
was truly an exciting period and one which 
caused the small but growing white com- 
munity much concern, for if the Chinese 
troops should come to meet the Japanese, 
the battle would no doubt be fought in 
our midst. After much discussion, my step- 
father and mother decided we should all 
stay on in our house, although most of our 



friends and their families took steamers 
for Japan. Men were hired to keep watch 
and report the movement of the Chinese 
armies in the north, and we rented a large 
junk, which was anchored near the shore so 
that if the worst should take place, we 
could go by boat to a near-by island, taking 
our food and bedding with us. 

With the great numbers of Japanese 
soldiers marching through the town, all 
available food — rice, chickens, eggs, and 
even beef on the hoof — was taken by them. 


^ ork hac * ^ n ally, after much red tape, given 
us permission to build a brick house, with 
cellar, chimneys, and double floors, to keep 
out the Siberian winter cold. The process 
of buying the land had also been a very 
complicated one, for the site my parents 
had chosen, the top of a hill overlooking 
the Sea of Japan, had many graves 
scattered over it. The Koreans, as well as 
t e Chinese, do not have burying grounds, 
but choose grave sites anywhere that the 
geomancers indicate as propitious spots. 

A Korean of the Old Days 
A Gentleman Traveling with His Attendants 

We had great trouble in getting anything 
to eat and lived for many weeks on musty 
rice with curry powder to season it. Fortu- 
nately, Grandma, who was an enthusias- 
tic gardener, had vegetables, which we 
were able to hide, and these helped our 
very scanty and tasteless meals. We chil- 
dren felt that because Grandma had lived 
through the Civil War in the Southern 
States, she would know just how to help 
us now. We thought we were very fortu- 
nate indeed to have her with us. 

Some time before the outbreak of hostili- 
ties, the Board of Foreign Missions in New 

The owners of these graves had to be 
found and then paid sufficient money so 
that they could buy other pieces of land 
to which the bones in the graves on the hill 
could be removed. 

These negotiations took much patience 
and more time and greatly delayed the 
building. Finally the ground had been 
leveled off, the cellar dug, and foundations 
laid. All the materials were on the prem- 
ises. The contractor and workmen were 
Chinese — the best to be found — and every- 
thing seemed to be going on swimmingly, 
when the war broke out, and overnight 



every last one of the large group of men 
disappeared, leaving everything just as if 
they intended to return the next day. 

The following morning a very fright- 
ened and shaky old Chinaman came to our 
back door and begged to be taken in and 
hidden from the Japanese troops. He was 
the cook for the outfit and had been left 
behind when the others fled. We brought 
him into the house, and he crept behind the 
couch, where he lay all day hardly daring 
to breathe. My sister and I peeked at him 
every little while to see how he was and 
frequently fed him pieces of pie and cake. 
When darkness came he crept out, bowed, 
thanked us many times, and then he, too, 
disappeared. For days we waited to see if 
he would return, but he must have made 
good his escape to China for we never 
heard of him again. 

It was over a year before the work on our 
house could be resumed, and by that time 
much of the material had deteriorated and 
had to be replaced. 

T his new mission station grew rapidly, 
and later other missionaries came to 
help. In those first years my mother held 
Bible classes in our sitting room for the 
women. With their babies tied on their 
backs and leading older children by the 
hand, they would come and ask to be 
shown around our house. 

I was fascinated with the babies and 
always wanted to play with them, but my 
mother was afraid that my sister and I 
might get smallpox or some other disease 
from them, so we were sent to our room to 
learn Bible verses. None of these women 
could read. This made it difficult to teach 
them, but with the aid of a Korean Bible 
woman, my mother would tell them the 
great story. It was astonishing to see how 
they would listen, fascinated, and ask 
innumerable questions showing their inter- 
est and understanding. The Bible stories 
fitted well into their everyday lives, for 
the Korean peasant folk lived in much the 
same way as the simple people who 

followed Jesus in Palestine nineteen hun- 
dred years ago. 

My mother, during the years of her 
widowhood, had started the translation of 
John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress and later 
finished it in collaboration with my step- 
father, who was a noted scholar in the 
Chinese language, as well as in the Korean. 
The story was told to a Korean artist who 
drew the illustrations according to his own 

This simplicity of the Korean’s outlook 
on life was brought sharply to attention 
when my mother decided that we children 
should have fresh cow’s milk to drink, 
as the sweetened condensed milk to be 
bought in those days did not appeal to us at 
all. A cow with a young calf was purchased 
and the art of milking taught the Korean 
“outside coolie.” The cow, however, had 
never been milked before and objected. So 
the calf was brought to her, allowed to 
suck for a few seconds, then was pulled 
away, and the coolie would squeeze a few 
drops into the bucket before the cow became 
aware of the change. Then again the calf 
would be allowed to take its turn. This 
would go on until a few cups of precious 
milk were finally extracted. We drank it 
with much relish. But sometimes the calf 
got loose when no one was around, and 
then there was no milk at all for us. 

Some weeks after the purchase of the cow 
my stepfather was called upon by a delega- 
tion of elders from his church. They said 
they had something very serious to talk 
to him about. As they seemed unusually 
thoughtful and somewhat displeased, he 
wondered what this very dignified body of 
men had to say. 

It seemed that they had heard of the cow 
and the milking. They said they felt that it 
was a very unchristian act to take away from 
the calf the milk which God had provided 
for its use and that they were greatly dis- 
appointed that their beloved pastor had 
allowed such a thing to take place. My 
father very patiently explained that in 
America cow’s milk was always fed to the 


children. Calves were fed quite adequately 
with other things. There was nothing cruel 
about it. Our calf was fat and strong — even 
better than it would have been had it had 
only its mother’s milk. However, nothing 

1 55 

ties which the people of this country have 
undergone since the annexation of the land 
by the Japanese have also made the Ko- 
reans turn to Christianity for help and 

Christian’s Farewell to His Family 

From the Korean Translation of Pilgr im's Progress by the Author's Parents 

could persuade these Koreans that such an 
act was not contrary to Christian ethics. We 
were obliged to give up the cow and the 
precious milk, for papa felt that his use- 
fulness as leader of the church was at stake. 

The Korean Christian took his religion 
very seriously. He was not satisfied that he 
and his friends were “Jesus believers,” but 
each one felt it his duty to go about preach- 
ing the gospel to those who were not as for- 
tunate. This largely accounts for Korea be- 
ing the most successful mission field in the 
Orient. Of course the hardships and cruel- 

A fter six years spent in schools in 
Europe, 1 returned once more to 
Seoul — the youngest missionary to be 
appointed by our Board. The return to my 
native land was all and more than I had 
anticipated. It was wonderful, and my love 
for these people was as deep as ever. The 
familiar food tasted just as good; the life 
was just as fascinating and charming as I 
had remembered it to be during my years 
away at school. I thought I had forgotten 
my Korean in the effort to learn French, 
German, and Italian, but I found after very 



few months I was able to speak almost as 
fluently as when a child. I had now, how- 
ever, to add to my vocabulary and to 
learn to read and write the language. 

Many changes had taken place in the 
years I had been away. The King was 
virtually a prisoner of the Japanese; the 
Queen, who had been the power behind 
the throne, had been murdered by these 
invaders and her body burned. Girls, as 
well as boys, went to school; the women 
went about freely with their heads and 
faces uncovered; and the men had cut their 
hair. The girls I taught were about my own 
age. They were so bright and eager to learn 
and improve .themselves that it was a 
pleasure to be able to help them. 

And now that at long last Korea is free 
from Japan, I hope she is going to prove 
capable of governing herself honestly. She 
will need help until she gets on her feet 

again, and I sincerely trust no more blun- 
ders will be made such as featured the 
American entry into Korea in late August 
of 1945. It was unforgivable that the 
American Commander, in his reported 
interviews, should have expressed himself 
with so little understanding of and sym- 
pathy with a people who had suffered for 
thirty-five long years under Japanese 

Once more may I say that the Koreans 
are a lovable, loyal, patient, and upright 
people. We look forward to the time when 
they will be able to develop their beautiful 
country for themselves. It may be that this 
hard period under Japanese domination 
has had its useful side too. They have prob- 
ably learned that government properly 
administered is much more worth while 
than the old type of native despotism under 
which they existed for so many centuries. 

Mr., d. the daughter or Doctor and Mr.. sib.on, 
Eastern, .hose hoe during the civil ear »as on 
that hard and dangerous ".ladle ground", traced and pillaged 

by b ° th frle ” d and f0e - «“* .ere glad .hen the l..t T ege- 

t able fro m iUo y -c a a ^ 

last chicken from the poultry yard, had been taken# Doctor 
Gibson was declared exempt from military draft that he might 
give medical care to the families of his section and he gave 
it freely, not only to them but to the sick or wounded soldiers 
Oj. North or South whom the fortunes of war brought within his 
reach. Truly this was a training school for courage and 

The most intimate friend of Mrs. Gale’s mother at this 
time was Mrs. Rhea, a widow returned to this country with her 
three little children, after nine years of mission work in 
Persia, and this friendship was a strong factor in determin- 

fih • j . - 

ing the choice of her life-work by the girl Hattie” Gibson. 

& - A 

She went to Korea the bride of Doctor John A H eron, the first 
woman missionary sent to the "Hermit Kingdom". Indeed the 
Board delated their going for six months to gain assurances 
that it was not too dangerous ground for her. 


The Doctor's home in Korea seems to have been a haven 
of rest and comfort, for his wife had in large measure what 
Ruskin calls the highest gift of woman, the power to make a 
true home independent of all material conditions, and to ex- 
tend its influence "far to those who else were homeless". 

One Wliu went vuu v ~ .... — — 

hearing of her death, "Never to my dying day can I forget her 
kindness to my sister and myself upon our arrival in Korea”, 
and again speaking of his return from an expedition with Doc- 
tor Heron, ”1 see her again as she waited upon her couch for 
our return* She gave us a cheery welcome; sick or well, her 
home was the first and only home for newly arrived mission- 
aries, an oasis after the desolation of dirt, darkness, and 
dogs, through which the Doctor had led us*” m # x ”A sun- 
burst of Christian grace and hearty good fellowship”* 

Doctor Heron's death left her alone with two little 
children* She continued her missionary work* One who was 
with her writes: ”It was she who planned the weekly Bible 

Class for Missionary ladies and her sweet face stands out most 
clearly of all, so beautifully responsive to our studies of 
the life of our Blessed Lord”. 

After her marriage to Doctor Gale they were sent to 


establish a new station at Wonsan - on th 
The people here were largely rough fisher 

on the East coast of Korea. 

winders very severe, a letter from Mrs. 
y, 1893, tells of intense cold and the 
saw, and adds -The house is very thin 

and we Iiave no 

window and smokes so. My little girls and I have sometimes to 
go to bed in the daytime to get warm." But her greatest trial 
here was her anxiety when Doctor Gale was absent on long and 
dangerous trips. The station was afterwards transferred to 
the Canadian Presbyterians and the Gales returned to Seoul. 

She solved the problem of the education of her daughters 
in an unusual way, bringing them to Switzerland, and taking 
into the home she made there, four Danish children - two of 
whom were deaf mutes, the son of a wealthy Chinese, and two 
sons of other Missionaries. To these seven she gave the same 
loving care and supervision that she gave her own, and of 
course receiving no salary from the Board during this time, 
met all the expenses of the thorough education of her girls. 

The story of the reunion of Doctor Gale and the family 
in this country, the winter here, and their return to Korea 
a year ago is well known to you. The loving and almost wild 


enthusiasm with which they were greeted upon their arrival in 
Seoul, must have been a striking contrast to her memory of the 
fears and uncertainty of her first landing. 

Such is a most inadequate outline of the life of a 

beautiful Christian gentlewoman; a life so well balanced that 
we cannot say j ju, ^ - ^ 

on the field writes: "Her lovely gifts of mind and heart were 

so blended and united that we hardly think of them separately - 
but her efficiency, her good judgment, her kindness, her cor- 
dial, practical sympathy and above all, her loyalty to her 
Savior were traits that stand clear in our dearest memories 
of her." While a friend here at home speaks of her strong 
faith, undaunted by difficulties, and more rare perhaps, a 
faith that accepted simply and gratefully most marvelous 
manifestations of God's grace and power - a faith that glori- 
fied her sick room so that her husband speaks of it as a 
"portal to Paradise", and that met the last demand made upon 
it by the shadows of the valley with the response "The Lord 
is good and true, I can trust Him". 

Judge Stafford recently said: "The value of the man is 

the value of the object upon which his heart is set". Measured 
thus, how shall we find words to express the value of this 


life whose dearest wish for many years was to see a nation 

turn to God. We rejoice that it was given her to see the day 

Have we not already added her name to the sacred roster 
in our hearts which shines out bright and clear, lighted by a 

ray from tiic j - — * 

our Alleluia of thanksgiving, "For all the saints, who from 
their labors rest". 



Mrs. Harriet Gibson Gale, wife of Rev. 
James S. Gale, D. D., was born in Jonesboro, 
Tenn., June 17, 1860. In her were blended 
Northern grit and Southern grace, beauty of 
person and beauty of soul. She was ambitious, 
loving, tactful, merry and very gifted' in the 
use of language, whether writing or speaking. 

Mrs. Gale was a good musician, skillful with 
her brush, with an all around culture and love 
for the beautiful which assimilated the best 

liBUUARV 23 , 1902 . 





b Splendor will) Ulbicb Ambassador Uon fiolleben fias 
Decorated (be German embassy in fionor of tbe Royal 
Uisitor===Cbe Curious Japanese Room and fbe Wonderful 
Collection of Pipes that Ornament tbe Smoking Room 




f Hu social ns well a» political 
il Dr. von llnllcbcn com** from 
rc*|.l<-l ,n the quaint *' *pon if 
re-murlm All tin- mm of l,1J- 
M ltorg and soldier*. Hi* only 
roilnd general of «Oo Prussian 
w In a captain In tOe navy. 
Personal attendant* of Prince 
The Ambnsm'lor Is a bachelor. 
ih(. shadow of a romnnec. 
.dent day# ho was 




. .m* nna nanroom *nrt dlnln* hall- md.nn.n>. »«• » , 

rite basement Hoor I* occupied by offices. and lure «<>») mlnld with mother -of-p«irl 
i ,rriM nf rlw<rk» Li busy 9 o’clock In lh«* morn- ana llmicra 

* 7 n, v -* ° v " riou,on * ,<ie Kn,, - r * inurr,,s zv* *«&« 

,t Tb* no mean* a .injure to belong to th« m.ln hall It I* T^TTo'lYi 
, rman Emh,.>«> No men In Washington labor <• tlml h* *rtl Icier, ar ' 

. .re diligently, albeit Him the stftK of the Ambuss- w « «'• «ne* 'neclinens of D 1 

«'•< National C.pti.1 and the Km,.... ., .Ill hi. bachelor. • 

r, f uVTvur a. never before tn these ^graphs framed. <nd 

, history In nddlllon to Hn Imperial ting of Her- group. 

gj-graar;: „r."',u: z w«» ««■ «* 

ltremcr for *ev< 
ik Journey In hove be 
just over the 
rational style. Ourosslers, 
k walnut and 
l In thl* elty. 
i m - German 
.lerful I 

i prince's 

>a* just 


.rot her is treat 

HI* Ti.-phe' 

and will be one of the 
Henry on hi* trip 
bo I around his IK. h 
In * It i- iduUd * * 1 bts g»y ar 
s Wife -Ktrotbed to a fnlr maiden of Heidelberg. 
, h „, i,o. tin r objected to Von HOUeben's suit. at 
p|. using follow -I. Tbi. brother died of his Injtirl.w 
match was brokgp off. 

Personal!' f.« Ambassador Is one of 
ciurtly "f mm. It Is said that h- t« »l 
nfilrlniim, . but no hint of this Is apparc 
111 no drop, I ,„.,ring Iff slv-s »)•■ linn -r. and I. 
which will l" ..her diplomat to Vn.h.ngton and he 
r. open* iron. v *t me hemes of bright and prett 
l. a stri-l disciplinarian ir. the «< 

Just m.rn. mus German counts, barms at 
toe cirlou* degrs-as have anything bui ar 
Ani mem when they are isnt to Waabinetu 
ory _ 

on.; strict Discipline Observed 

and _ 

Ml All hive to report at their office* " 

Tho at H» o'clock sharp and Ihry must work 


*rTst a irini f -lr alwmir. and At what hoo. 

the UohcnMlUri 
rmall siulng-r<*.r 
for the chief of 

over the bed. A 
used for ,»n office 
the bed eb amber 
Tlu. smoking-room 
across front the m 
Prime will aec a civ 
pipe*. * t> one of * 
In bis student d'rj 
now mature Ambass 

ae *t 

.pects one of the unique 
on Prlnee Henry enters 
ill lltul that hi* silting* 
if Japanese art. I)r. V01. 

n thr Embassy 

< until evening 

ten they n«ut 
ivtrffy -II Ado — 

t they Wilt re- 

ts tn many res 
. Capital Wit 
rtments ho w 

The Embtu 
,1 vclltngw a 1 



courage." Mark Twain, tn hi 
Tramp Abroad." has ud l j 

r.oltid his Informal ten from the fnij[ 
fieri: and not until three years ago t J subject of hla sketches. 

Collection of Curious Pipe*. 

[Sine Japanese ’ urtosTtle. Dun any oth. 
also In the world. It I* if miniature of 
Imperial aumm.r palace of Din Mlkn 
;ct in HR rrlnui.-t dclnlla. 
r. von Hollobcn had the room remodel'.' 
iilrvtnents It. measnfemont and shape 
n lei sund two photographs of Hie Kn 
prats of Germany, with their autnsrapl 
ae are copies of the pictures which Prl 
ught to Japan at the time of his fair 
jmrs ago. 

. men side 
ado and ft 
phtt. g\vvn 

The Embassy staff i« .« presi >.t composed of Count 
Albeit von Quail; limy Wykrjdt, First Secretary snd 
•’..unsellor. Count’ von MonleeUs. R.-tmelster Baron 
von IJent. Scbrqjn. U-jt. Count von 
Arinin l.leuL-Commander lt.wor-P>. hwtl* ^nd 
line GUiRi napp. 

i-ount von Quad! la on* of >hr mows rallc of 
German nobles, and Is the only one sutlon^l In 
Washington who finds bl* mm* In that repository 
of fame, the Almanseh do Gothn. 

Che l>o$tcss oT the Prince. 

know in* 

IN Prince Henry com.* to Wusningtem 
,• will find the imperial black eagle 
lulling over as hands. on., a r-oUilenco 
. the biauUful American Capital can 

oolite r. 

if the mantel are photographs »t the 
Empress of Japan, with their auto- 
lo Dr von lloltetien when ho «a-a 

I,., n ii, Hll ,i Klft.entii street* It was purehasol in I 
IV ', !, II, the predecessor of Dr. von Hollctmn. tt.iren I 
< i.n ThUlmnnn. whe was the tlrst Gertpan Amba»ri«- j 
dor a credited to the Culled Slates. 1 

The mansion Is of red briek will, white »mna 
trimmings, and present* n yuhSIMHIal and eomfert- I 
, t.le appearnneo rather than an Imposing one. An ( 
English basement opens Into a wide hall, and ‘he 
•l.lrway. handsomely enrpeted. with slAlunry and 4 
pictures adorning the walls, leads Into thr drawing- l 

i, which will Ae U«K\1 when tit grand state 
i* tendered lo the A mbit vunlc. ii -t slitely 
nt occupying the entire nrate, win: of the 
on the second Poor It It, .InseotcJ In 

daintily carvel, and has the moothett of 
floors Llfe-siie portraits o' Die German 
■ and Empress arc there and draperira of .rd. ue 

nil.nsador Is nctrly slsly, hot ■ upright nml t>> f >ro 

under von P.i».'h*it» Is thr only nav.l man 
d here. and. by a happy coincidence, nls wife 
the hostess of Uk*»y during 
nee's visit. Counts*- von Quoit I* In Europe. 
Rtnl-d hefore. the Amtiarmdor I* unmarried. 
Paschsrlit t* n natlre of Dresden, snd was 
marrlno- Miss Dorothea Renlsgnvlna. 

ig tho fret sure* of this room are the mirror 
I In carved Ivory which linn** -.ver the mantel, 
aperies nn.1 the tenkwood enblnet. 
magnlflcci.i curio Is the massive cup of jnp- 
bronse which rests on A tenkwood stand. Tn* 
nearly five feet high and Is skilfully cast, 
v*. *vM. 

llnltsd Stalls were among the "Forty-elghter* ' 
When tb- c.lrll war con.menced the flood of lm- 
irlgrntlon from Germany »u ,t>pp*d and did not 
begin .gain until she n.-w railroads and land grants ...ttlcru to tar \V.»t#r» 8t»t« 
t-p t0 t»u n largo number , f cvlles were 
ubllged to Bwk t\ hiwn It. America; hut since that 
Urn,, tin- main Incentive tb Immigration has been 
tbe desire tu earn n better living snd to own ,v home. 

In every O-nn.iti Immigrant the spirit uf self-help 
and Independence Is very strong. Few Germans are 
to be found on the book* of charitable societies. 

Industry snd thilft. the two' virtues upon which, 
as Benjamin FTankUa Mid. our American prosperity 
must be based, are is be found at tb»lr best in 
every German community- 
If the German Is a farmer, he works d.«, and 
night until he t* .-rimes the ,.wn*r or his f.rm; if he 
V-...S Into cummer U1 Ilf.-, lie Is not wit Is fid uqtll 
to has built up a provptrotis business 
N„ 11st of eminent Amerlcaiis could be drawn up 
thnl did not contain a large proportion of German 
pome* From the Fatherland wc still get our music, 
our grand opera and our *hllosophy 
According I" Prof. Hugu Mun»Urb«rg. sn eminent 
Oernmn who ho* fwen for flfl-en y.urs an Instructor 
<1 Karvuni Unlveretty. Ih< German and American 

S INCE ISO the enormous number .. 
man Immigrants have landed 
pnrls. Thl* I* more thin equal 
population of Canada »nd NewfOUndlo: 
If we include their children and grj. 
total number uf German- Americans I 
States will number about IftffoOOO. or „ 
One statistician «••»* so f , 
high ns one-third. 

V mnsalum." or High School, is' which both brother* 

• sent tn 1ST!. 

... uppearnnea of these two princes it Cassel was 
nothing In the nature of a family revolution, for 
. the first time (hut ini, member of house 
i over been aent lo n public school. Both the old 
merer and nismirek wete sl.o kml a. me Idea, 
ling lhat this would possibly prove the beginning 

• .. end ..r the Hohemtollirn*. nut the parents of 
i wo boy pr nc**a *toml firm. 

• i'*io was no lonBcr an nutopracy, Ii now 
me a constitutional Slut. and. therefore. It be- 
d l(s princes and rulers to be In touch with Ihe 

h ichts nnd the aspirations of the people 

\ prince Is to become a popular monarch h» 
t to have a public cduoatloo: so reasoned the on- 

•tied parents of Princes William nml Henry, snd 
bad their way. "A nmgnnnlmous resolve." wrote 

rkod difference, from their 
Kslsrr Wilhelm sod his 

C babyhood, between 
brother. Prim e Henry. 

All the princely children were brought up with ex- 
treme simplicity, u»y. even severity, temp, red by * 
due piny of Ihe duinesite aff etlons. so that their 
English tutor was able to write: "I have given many 
lessens lo many hundreds if boys, but a more proof 
• ng pupil than Prim e William, or more gentlemanly, 
frank, and natural boys than hnth Prln:c William 
and Ills younger brother. Henry. I can honrstly say 
II has never been my lot to meet with," 

J’rlnce William was decidedly Ihe mure brilliant 
and self-willed nf the two. while Henry made up 
fur the lack Of Ills elder brother's showier gifts by 

the proportion 

It Is therefore not t"0 much to say t t there win 
be In New York City more Ovritian- ■ " 1 0 ”' 

Prince Henry than be will leave behl I him in the 
clly of Hamburg and balf u* many a- there are in 
tho city of 11* rlln 

By the census of l.W there were 3,~ 1 ' 51 German- 
born residents In the United State*. Thl* I* mariv 
equal to the total population of tho thivt largest 
(Hie* In Orrmany— Berlin. Hamburg a I Munich 

If ,.11 the residents of Munich. Lr! 'IK. Breslau. 
Dresden. Frsnkfort. Hanover and l i-seldurf. all 
famous German clll-s. were to be It usplanted to 
Amcrlos they would still lack ro,0» >f being .- 
many as lln aermnn-born residents n. are now in 

•nndsona of mine arc!" HR 
■a once tn French tb 
himself record* "Do 
What a pity they have ' 

"Wlist brave buys Iheso 
remarked tile Kropt**»-Au»l 
tutor. PrnncolR Ayme. as l 
you n,‘t think so. monsieur' 
such a mother!" 

But. a» a mnl ter of fael. 

English and llhcrnl-mlndcd mother Din 1 
h-rlted all Ibut *o» best In thcm-ln accnr 
the general rule thdt men are- inure the so 
mother than "f ih<lr sire- while the'r *l*l 
other luin.l, displayed more of the weak* 
Of their father 

Prlnco William proved a very tnuelt b 
will, his brush and pencil thnn his leas 1 




Dr. Ivnir v Krolipiellcr, President 
! ot the new York Licdtrkranz .. 

rlpcis ri.mted from the II Th»» 

g* wore bung with striped bunting, snd in both languages gr.-eted the G«t- 

l. Germany's grrateet seaport, a ‘bcf! 41 

p] i< d St tb. General's disposal Tho 
. American dag. snd every street snd 
• with bunting. was tendered to Du famnu* Amer- 

welcome was repeat,-! at Frsnkfort 
imcr Garten was ccwded with Grant s 
l the entire rlty mi* llhimlnnted snd 

by his physicians Gen Gr:i»|£* .* C*fu' 
banquet by Prince Bismarck aTlb .> rov 
Tito dinner was attended tflr ■ n,>0* ex 
Mrs. Grunt. Bayard Taylor. At fbnt tin 
Germany: Prince Bismarck Alt.l the m- 
myat family 

it, side* thle official dinner. Gen Oral 

Invitation to spend an afternoon with 
marck nt Ihe private hnuao of the Prln 

er nations, more particularly 
•" • at Ihe growing oemmer- 
'touin has dune a deal to 
thl- ide of he ADaptlc. 

Plv work 1.1 yn. Dnltcl StaH-J 
1 .... 4 .. ,nd more espe- 

‘"o which was lm- irporatcd In 
I I ie Herman singing societies 
i '"d ridicule, but iu-da> tTloy 
, - American Inslltutlone. 
limited to Germun-hurn mem- 
• . born In il... United Slates. 

I* memt. 

al wns no* as great as it would have b*w>. a 
recks earlier. 

In Kiutg of lh- national grief at the asussln * 
Getb Ortli.l was everywhere welcomed with 


Crown Prince ordered a grand roTlew of Ihe 
Ini troop* in honor uf hi* American visitor. 
Cvl' B- wa* held on the Tompclhor. u large Held 
[• of Berlin. 

review began with n sham bailie of Infantry, 
ing. firing, retreating and rc-formlnc »*"l n 
came artillery practice, tho gunner* llrlng at 
aginary for, then rushing forward to capture a 

6 MPEROB WILLIAM never did a more brilliant 
Ihlng than when h* plann.-d this visit of Prlnc* 

Nothing better, to my mind, could have been ar- 
ranged lo bring tire two natlona Into closer and morn 
friendly relations with each other or to awaket popu- 
lar enthusiasm fpr s more Intimate alliance. 

It should, of course, be remembered that Die Prince 
I> not on this occasion the guest nf .he Ucrman- 
Amerlean*. Ills visit I* In llw entire Amarlc-an peo- 
ple and it is the expressed wish of Ihe Emperor that 
tb. reception of the Prlnc* shall not be distinctively 
German in Its' character. 

Hllherii. thore have been a number of slight mis- 
understandings between Germans and Americans, but 
th.- relations between them have been growing more 
friendly year by year. The American prejudice 
again.'. Germany a* a land Seller.- bureaucracy snd 
d‘ ’Poll in. rrlgned I* being dispelled by a more com- 
plete kfo.wtedg. 0 f c-rniiii Institution* 

These mletinderstandlrigo have arisen mainly through 

Anu ri a n..w gives lo Prince llenrv of Pru*’ln 

Illumination*, festivities and banquets nllcndvd 
upon the vl»lt of our cx-Pre*ldent from the moment 
of liltt arrival until his departure for Norway an’’ 

Tire crowds of clu-ering Germans Dint greeted him 
\ In the larger elites with so great as to make U lm- 
poslblc for him to walk about on font, as was his 
usual custom. 

A few days before Gen. Grant arrived al Berlin on 
bla memorable three years' Journ-y around the worn’ 
an Anarchist had allot Die aged Emperor of Germany 
The wound wti* sufficiently snvero In confine the Km- 
l.ovor to his mom .luring Gen. Grant'.* visit, and tl>< 
honors of the occasion .were done by the frown 
Prince. Naturally. Ihe court anil empire Were In u 
slat* of suspense anil anxiety because of the at- 
temp cd nsaasslnatlon, and the ovation given to the 


.erlcajf Ir piirfly German, so! 
■ innol b. Rlrldly regarded 
• man h.iblts. German words 
been an largely adopted by 
th# difference between lh< 
"n II w os balf a century. 

4 vr y 




THE WOULD; SLN1 -W, FEimi All V 23. 1902 

Ho tv James V. of 
Scotland Escaped 
Assassination by His 
Marvellous Adroit - 
Hahtrt 75»nt ness and Loaded t/vith 
FaVors the "Beautiful Girl 'COho 
Had Entrapped Him 

CHAP. I . — The Meeting. 

milled me tif' 

"A rope livt'"'* drachm!* from the 
,i . jm, i>'.‘ 1 1 *u» r.-^. r\ji»,i*biocCorop*o«. N#^r«n Wn?'.* • pomrn iloor 

T HK King ruled. There wa« none to que»lion "A rope 1 “Ider! Thst toundi 
the supremacy of James V. At the nge of promlslm:. «"■ you unco ml Ilf 
twenty-two hr now sat flrmly on his "Yc«, Sire. 'U| meanwhile I Itn 
thror. r. He wa# at peace with England. p i orc your M'lMty to be sllenl ” 
friendly will, France. ami about to tnke 
i w If r from thot country Ills grvai-*randfalher. 

.Inn.. H. had crushed the Black Douglas. anil 
hr hlni-<lf had scattered the lt*d Douglas to exile. 

No Scottish n.Alc was now p.Jw.uTiil month «» 
threaten the «ln)«l*tj of tho throne The couniry ten* 
contented mnl prosperous, *o Janie, might well lake 

King . 

rope ladder <- » lit hl» hui 
•I linin' It I- Ironic,'" he r 

no more until the 


Then he mon d tod lightly up In tin 
darkness. until he stood on the «lll 
of the nnri doorway, when he 
reached font rd hi* hail* 

. plena ii re a* best pleased him If any dancer lurkod jq, a | n wer comrade In roountlnic, tint 
near nlm II w«. unseen anil unthouvhl of ahe .print p '*1 him without uvnll- 

"My Lord the Kind*" she Mild, and her voice, like | n)t herself ol his aid. and In n low 
qiiurre run on four legs or on two. found mm.elt W | C „ excusing herself fur preceding 
alone on the rusd lending northwi-t from Stirling. h | m sulked up and up u winding 
having outstripped Ills comrade# In their hunt fur the „,, I1K aUtlnar. . on whose step* Ihero 
d'- r Kv.nlug «u» falling and the King was some w .,, barely r -m for two to pass each 
miles firm S'lrllng Castle, so he ral.ed hl» ougle to 0 , h( . r pn, lied open a door which 

h. y Hi* ,o call together hi. scattered follower* bu" ft i| OW ,.,| Rht to stream through 

liefer* a blast broke Ihe silllm v* His Moje.ty «.<• on ,a„ turn' stair which disnp- 
..•(..sled by a woman, who emerged suddenly and pi . nr< j j n th. darknera still further 
i irotleed from the foriwl oi hi* left hand. 

•My Lord, the King’" she said, and her voice. UK. .mind of .liver bell*, had a note of lnqulry> 

V.s my lassie." answered the young man peer 
me down al hla questioner, lowering U> bugle an. 

i. inlng lf> “■» frightened horse, startled b^the *udd*t 
uppariiion lurfore him. The dusk had not yet wr fin 
mlekene-J but the King could see his Interlocutor w«J 
y.uing and .trlktngly beautiful. Although dr>**ei! 
ihe garb *f the lower orders. Iherv 
Imposing dignify in her demeanor a* sne stood there 
by tn- -Hi "f the road Her head «M uncovered, tnc 
~ ,ml elm wore over It having altpprd down to n#r 
should) * ■ .rid her abundant hilr unkOOttcd and un- 
nbbooe l w.i» aa ruddy a* uron gold. 

-They told me at Stirling." she .old. "that you were 
hunting through thu» district, and I have been search- 
ing for you tn the fortst " 

"Good h. nvens. girl"" cried Ihe King, "have you 
walked all ihe way from Stirling? 1 
"\y«. and much further It Is nothing, for X *m 
oe. unom.d to 1 1 And now I crave a won! with Your 

"8UTdy. surely." replied the King with enthusiasm, 

T.n thought of danger In this unconventional encounter 
.rv-urrlng ro him. Tho natural prudence of 
InvYritbiy deserted ^hlm when a pretiy woman 
„ ,'j, concerned. Now instead of summoning Ms train, 
lo- looked anxiously up and down the road lls’cnmg 
Tor any sound of Ms men. but fhr stillness seemed to 
merest** with the darknew. and the silence was now 
in found, nol even the rustic of a leaf dlslurblng It- 


The King nod himself In a large 
square apiirt cut either on the llrsl 
or .erond .-.I ' It appraisal In some 

sort to be a ndy's houdulr. for the 
benches vn r. ushloned and comforl- 
abhs and to. ' were ovldener* about 
on smull tab • of mpi'alry work and 
other ncedl employment recently 

-Wilt Yd Majesty kindly be 
seated 1“ said lie girl. "I must drew 
up i He ludd- close ihe postern door 
and then In rm my lady that p)» 
an here " 

y the way they bod 
the dour with a 
to the King un- 
i ha caught hi* breath 
iter aa hi* quick car 
i that » holt had 
tried to ope" 
d tint It was In- 
tho outside 

‘My Lord 
she said, 

She went 
entered an 
force Hiot 

twy ■ 

CHAP. II.— The Girls Stratagem. 

seemed to 
fallen. H' 
the door 


bow In thl 

such chll. 

that her 

ond! Me 


-... himteff i~~ I 
■ in mv mother V. * , 

she expect by *" V’t 
to rmunia her \ 

Doe* l hr hope x 
Ini' band shall rule ( 

,oi" ** did hefr »e 

i ’ By Si Andrew. 


The King 
uvar hla 
that reverbe 
Then he 
of his fury, 
hr heard light 

the [isssagu 

— A Prisoner. 

i • bend 

icb. raised It 
cl It In blU 
r loor wltb a noise 
' orough the ca*lle. 
i "open instantly'" 
waiting the result 
•ntty he thought 
1 -b ps coming along 
n instant later the 
'lowly In Ihe lock. 

. and to hi* amage- • 

i indlng bofnfe him 

ned eye*, his guide. Wit dressed now 

•Ar„l who my girl, are you?" continued the King 
noticing that her oyew f.illowed his glance up ano 
down the rood with wune trace of apprehension In 
them and thnt she hrwltaled to speak 
"Mur II plr«J* your gracious .Majesty I am numOle 
tlrv-n"mnn to thot noble lady. Margaret Stuart your 
honored mother. - " 

The King gave a whistle of aston1«hmrni. 

"Mr mol her!" he exclaim Sd. “Then wlmt in Ihe 
name ef Heaven an. yviu doing her* and alone. *o far 
from Methuen?” ..... 

"We dime from Methuen ywlerdiy to Her I-ady- rnJgp kc> . 
ohlp's Castle of Doune." Tho Joor op 

Thill Her Ladyship must have come to a very sud- mrnl , u , MW 
den rewolt/tlon to travel, for tho Constable or Doune wlth w|(lo frl< 

Is In my hunttng party, and I II swear he expected no a , ni , r 
vlaliors ' "Madame." 

.My gracious Lady did not wish 3tunrt ihe Con- me4nlns (lf 
S' able t ' expect her. nor does .he now desire hla "p| Msar ,lry t 
knowledge Of her preOrnew in the castle She com- hffr ||ltnll u „ 
nisndrd me o ask Your MaJ.sty to request the r .o- |lunl) , OIno 

«"->» *“ «"• "bneh he i roken. attempted to lay hand, on 

hr •pend# mo*X of M* iime bhf sour Majesty 
lo romc lo Jw with all speed and secrecy ’* 

• M> slrl. ' sold the Kliur. leaning toward her. '*>eu ‘'Pleasontnr^' 
do not .peak like a serving maid. What Is your may w II nsk 
name- 1,0,1 ao,n e hcr ' 

"I nave been a gentlewoman, sire." she an.wered "Who I am 
simply, "but w .men. alas, cannot control their for- very well, boci 
tunes >ly name I* Catherine 1 will now forward to of garb does ; 

Doune and wall for you at the further side of the and the King 
n.w bridge the lullor has built over the Tcltb If hi. eustomnry 
you will secure your horae 

- N W * 

ef voice, 
ike the 


from me of cnnceMlon* for your family?" 

"I could not wring concession# from you. been us o 
you could not moke good tboae conceskons unle-a l 
releaaeil you. 1 dar# not ruliwse you because l <lart 
not trust you." 

"I foresaw that would he your ilinirulty. and so I 
lol l your slslor Dial, buying gone so far. you could not 
retreat. The iwue la therefore narrowed down to 
death unit how It may Int be accomplished." 

"1 dare not let you go." ns termed Catherine 

"Of a surety you dnre not. That la what I have 
said from the beginning. 

"On the other hand. 1 dure make no coneestlon 
under coercion Unit would save my life Yoo are wo 
ore both ir wardly. » i-h In a different w.iy. And now. 
having come to the utisulutuly loginai conclusion ihat 
the King mu* die, you should turn your mind to the 
dimoulile* that confront you. I. you tee, am uiwo 

CHAP. VIII. — Dagger for Dagger. 

. in. nle by my dagger 

dieivor to eliminate from 

Oh Catherine Catherine ...bbed Ieahel. weeping advice la to la- and nf act 

veatid? We h\( 

In fear and horror of the situation, "you cannot e 
template s,i xwful a deed. » murder «a foul, for h. 
ever ufiworthy he may be be Is still Ihe King." 

CHAP. VI.— cA Sister's Tlea. 

tausted wltb 
i her beneb. 

"Your mother's fiouas? 1 echoed 

uncanny laugh. fcln* nad once more seainl himself, and 

"When bos the Lady Mnrvoret svt foot In Doun*7 ,,-sting hla chin on hi* open palm. Ilalened to the dl«- 
Nut since she was divorced from my uncle. Archibald emudon ev It r> the mt#n *ted bearing of one who had 

• •ted the girl staring at him with Douglas, Ksrl of Angus, and the Constable? An the C0I . .. rn w |, h p. nsuii. \ half -mile 

.lie.' Iron key. alert to run If this COnslable ls In 8tlrllrig Duunr Cflsilc •tanda glo -my „ r hi* lips and on,-, or twl .• he made a m •- 

strewn round by the wrevkag.' of an< ' alone, but In Stirling wlili the joun* King tn.-re |lon ll# , r tll . WO uld Intervene, but on 

are monks, and hunting and g:syel> Young Htiiari 
draws ihe revitnuea of hla charge but pays ailgnt at- 
tention to the fulfilment of h * dutv 
"You are then Isabel Douglas, and now to echo 
your own question, how came you hero? If thta is 
a den of Douglnm* u* you #wy. how cornea my 
mother"* castle to be officered by the enemies of hur 

i the King sternly. "I ask you tn* 


in s.itd again "Thai la a question I 
i. Who are you. sir. nnd wliai arc 


"Madame, the lo no Queen 

where before coming 
tho river, and meel me there on foot. X will con- 
duct you to the e/isito Will you come?" 

"Of o sure." cried the King, in a tone that left 
no doubt of hla intentions "I shall overtake you 
long befor# you are at th* bridge!" As be suld this 
tho girl fled away In the darkness, and then Tic hair, whllo she 
rained his bugle to hit lips and blew a blast that Inm: 

what 1 am doing here you know 
you brought me here. A change 
change a well-remembered face." 

"That you s*k such . 

■d to Ms visitor with a return of sight or knowledge of 

rlllnes*. now that hi* suspicions 
ho knew how to deal with prvlty 

■tin allnn shows little for* 
When your Aral *t»p- 

Scotland. but you 
Queen by >i of nature. »o! ;hougb you doff 
ihange your golden c-own ' 
went up unconsciously to her ruddy 
armored mure to beranlf 

speedily brought answering calls 

CHAP. III. — The King's Ride Alone. 

m> honorabl^ t 

•'This la some 
"Catherine wa 
ulial Is yiur na 
"Isatml Is my 
have met my t 

J.iiTiiws unexplained absenen# wore so frequent that „ rauK i„ you pure 
hi* announcement of an Intention not to return home an nbvJle 

that night caused no surpriie among his company, so • - ' 

bidding him good-nlxht. they canlerwl off toward Stir- 
ling, while he. unaccompanied, w«t 
northwest and ht* spur* to the 
but lil« *(c*d was ulovnly lin'd out and could not now 
keep pace with Ida Impotlenne To his disappoint- 
mint he did not overtake the girl, but found her 
• ailing for nlm at ihe now bridge, and together choj 
miked the short half mile to the castle 

night had prov*d exceedingly dark, and Ihcy 

' '•.Hhorlnc's work. 

>"ur mi m*' In tho forest, my lady. 
in tho CaHlUr - 

on- In castle and forest allko. You 
sister, Catherine. Why lias *ho 

-on, 1 am here at the command of 
in r, ofnil your sister— If Indeed god 

. . vtrang * f.Ur and «o strangely similar can 
face to Itn (wo p,. ™on>— " done to acquulat my mother of 
horse's flank*. m> . arrlr(v |,-' 

The girl's al. 


"Your mt tliegfl Who is shi?" 

"Kintl, Margarai Tudor, daughter of Die King ol 
Kngluml. si'cond-t'Murgarei Stuart, wlf" of tno King 
-f Scotland, thlrifl M argil r. 1 Dougins, Ill-mats of Ihi 

father, and my uncle. Archibald Douglas, had 
trol of this rustle through your mother's name he 
fllluj It with hla own adherents" 

"Naturally; nivpotlsro wn« a w*ll-kn.r»n linn of my 
domineering stepfather. whloTi did not add to hi# 
popularity In gcotlnnd Who can get office or Jusilc 
against a Dougins"' was their cry. But dkl nol young 
U*n |i, Smart, when he was made Constable, pul In his own 

"The Constable, a* >urely you are well awoie. 
light ni tent Ion to anything but the revenue# .,f 
thl* cjatlr. which he guyly sjiends In your capital " 
"I sec. g.> you and your sister found rvfugv among 
your underlings, and wher*- so safe from scorch ns 
within the King# mother's own fortr.-s* almost 
under the slradow of Stirling’ An admirable devi e 
Why. then, do you Jeopardise your safely by letting 
me Inin the secret?" 

The girl *l*h>il deeply with downcast eye*, then * is 
flashed a glance at him which had something In ll of 
tho old Dougin* hauteur 

ond thought 

kept silent. 

"Do not all* nipt this fell deed, dear slsn r." pleaded 
Isabel •nroeslly. "l*-t u» away a# we Intended The 
hor*,s are ready ond waiting for u# Our mother I# 
looking for our coming in her room The night wear* 
on and «* mu«t pirn* Sttrllnc while it I* vet dirk. *o 
there l» nil lime to be lost- Dear slrter. let -n quit 
ik-otland a# we purposed, no ort'itrved land to all of 
our name, but let n# qalt ll vlth unsMImd Iiimdr." 

I,, In j, darling," said Cnlhorlno in o low voliv that 

I beg of you to he 
us an. I may consider the rirtoui 
at our leiaurr. and thus 
need be 

Isabel, well-nlgli^ exhausb 
her frellu*#. «ank‘ii|>oii 
Stood mollonlrsw dngge-r in hand, 
the doer The King, seeing »?.. 
obey, went on suavely. Thor* « is 
admiratlnn in his eye as he regu- 

"Cstheilne.” he said, "can you 
i King of Scotland, a Jamew also, bore relation to each oi 
similar circumstances’" 

The King a* ho spoke took from hlf doubl. e ' 
dagger almost similar to the on# held by the girl A 
gentle smile passe! his lip* a# he ran hla ihumh along 
the edge, and then glanced up at the two In lime to 
notice. their consternation at this new element In tb. 

"One cannot expect to enter a tiger's cave and not 
feel a touch of hlf clnw«, so. Lady CatM-rlnr. your 
task I* more serious than you anticipated There is. 
furthermore, another #nurc* of dungcr you. 
and li i* my sincere wish that In ihe strugnlc to con 
you mav not be too severely handicapped. While tl ■ 
Issue of our cnntcsl Is still In doubt, yoar sister wl I 
assuredly unlock the <lour snj give the alarm npbln 
tn prevent your tvyni. mplntivl crime, or my killing .. 
you. I think If rlgh that you should nut be called 
upon to suffer this intervention, for. If you will per- 
mit m» tc *#y so. I tdmlre your determination « 
much as I admire In another way. the Laly t«ai»-l « 
leaning lownnd mercy l shall thon take this key 
from th* larv.-r door xnd place It with your cuter 
outside on the nnrrow stairway You have withdrawn 
tho rope 1td.Tr she cannot alarm the garrison." 

"Rut 1 have not withdrawn It." salJ Catherine 
quickly- "My sister must not leave thl* room or .h« 
will bring h Isfferenee " 

"Then ” #sl.l the King, ealmly. a# he rose and took 
the key from the large door. "w» shall at Isasl n. it'- 
ll impossible for her to open the' * ay Into the hall.' 
•no wring tie wteyiiHvl to me smaller door. wiuoT 
h,' opened anil before either of th* women could pre- 
vent Ms action, or even grasp an Inkling of his de- 
► l»n. h.' stepped qUJSIde, key In hand, nnd thrust 10 
their place# the boits of the slairwoy dfior. 

The two girl* looke-d at each othor for a moment 
In silence. laob*l plainly panic-stricken, while In 
Catherine's face ang»r -I mint led with chagrin. Each 
was quick to see the sudden oonsequeiwea of this 
turning of the tables, the two were helpless prisoner* 
In « remote portion of th* ensile, no one within its 
walls being acquainted with thslr whereabout# The 
King, Insulted, hoodwinked and all but murdered, 
was now at liberty, free to ride ths few short leagues 
that toy between Doune and Skirling, and before 'lay- 
- v h ' hre *k the fortress would be In the hsnds of an over- 
' ind if my whelming force and the whole garrison rrlw>n*r* In 

' '. May ,,le and alienee on unexpected #oun! exme to thwn 
nl«m b. fore f,om lhc dibble: the sound ..f i man endeavoring to 
' .lii',',. point# M k"'” the hearty laughter lh:ii overmastered him. 

’ . To iw doomed l# bad enough, but to be mad* :h" 

11 ’ ' subject of levity «m* tno much for the dauntlesi 

Catherine. She flung her dagger ringing lo the stone 
with s gvwlure of rage, then wink upon a bench, 
and. like her ulster, gave way to tears— tears of bitter 
humiliation and rage 

ih# intensity of 
n Catherine still 
r back against 
i not Intend U> 
ght of intense 
i : he » landing 

CHAP. IX.— The King's RSbenge. 

1 aic Wtlf* 

,nd . Catherine , h ,", 
r In aomi-whul lr(e , 

■ UiMr luuiw. PW Kl inf IV1UK. IV 

CHAP. VII. An Appca to History. Both of »"U take mailer, r 

rr , mile laughter Is mvi'WAry In Lhl 

"Ladles." said the King from the outside. ”1 o*'X 
i will allow me to open tn* door," but recelv- 
miswer. Ulo bolts were dniwn once more. 
Jumes iignln entered the apartment an t gnied down 
upon ts.v fair, proud heads, crowned with ruddy hair 
Dror linin'* -old the King, "forgive my untimely 
muon loo seriously: 

. ...... ™ , ... this world My r^#uy 

The King paused, but the girl, .vcrlng at him, rll) c. I told you-thul f could grant no concesalons 

made no reply. »nd after a few nv nts the young c „ t ,rcion. but now coercion has vanished aril I- 

man went on. enter Inis room a tree roan nf my own will. Tell me. 

"It was ii year more than a c- ,lir ' 1 ■" whon m > girl, what la It you want— the rescinding of your 

the life of James. I. was not only tl utened. but ex- ftl(hpr , *xlle? It Is granted. The right to live un- 

quaver, l with the emotion caused by her slct*- - .Its- anguished, not by mi* bravo woman nut b' • niob of mo ,e,ted In your own castls? It is grunted bite 

ir« »s uml nppeal. "what unlii' ky chnn e brought you cowardly nssaasin*. Then Catherlt Dougl " m-arh ,. on j uc t , 0 longlnnd? II I* granted. Toe privilege of 

lo this fatal dour al such n moment? Can you not -nved tin- life .if hcr King. She thr ' her r . ' young r-innlnln* In Doune? It Is granted. But do not nk 

under ilo nd that I hnvo gone too far to retreat? Wn.., arm Into the Iron loops of # door. ^ 

having raged the tiger, dare open again Ih* door nnd ternl by ihosc craven miscreant# 
him free?” Iwiliel wept quietly, her faeo In he- 

••Catherine. Catherine, th* King will piHon ; ' ''••■• ■" “ 

IB will surely forgive what you hnve done In 
change for Ids life." 

"Korglver.essl" cried Catherine, her eye* bln; 
iiniln. "I want no forgiveness from th- 
qi'otlnnd Pardon! The llgcr would pnrdoi 
he Is free again. The King mnsl die," 

you. but Cutheriiio nnsncrel In auger 
,x- “Why did the Catherine Douglas 

her life to save her King? Benins Tune* ■ »#» “ 
ling Just monarch. Why doe# the CUthei ■ Dougins of I"- 
,,f doy wish to thrust her dnneer Into fa'" 1 ' heart of 
till once Jitmeu V.? Because he ha# inrn.,| . me hand th it 
niirlurei him" 

"I shall go as you hnve bid me. Catherine, but not 
lo do your bidding I shall arouse tills ensile and 
prevent nn nhomltsible crime " 

Catherine laughed harshly. 

"Whom would you call to your assistance? Doug- 
Dnugloe**. Dougins**' How main of y 

"The hand that imprisoned him. 
Bunion my correction." 

"He turned mi the mini who f 
wisely and well " 

"Again pardon me; he had no rig:, 
th* King, not Archlbuld Douglas. I 
slds Ihe question, and recrimination 

ml had It shat- mi , rr5C ind ii.mlshmcnt again#! Archibald Ihiugln". 

Karl of Angus, for that I shall not concede Tne 
no open bunds, pouglss amblthui. and not the Scottish King, nns 
wrecked Ihe Douglas family, both Black and Ked 
i mot -lay risk But r , r ,, coniv-rn* your own ImmsdUte kin. with 
i nne* I »x» a one exertion I Shull give anything you like to j»k " 
Catherine rose to her feet, threw hack her auburn 
Ire- id. anil sold curtly: 

"We nsk nothing hut the privilege of leaving tne 
countrv you rule." 

The King hnwed 
"And you. Lilly Isabel?” 

"| go with my sister and my mother " 

"t grieve at your dcolslon. ladles, and for the first 
lime In my life envy England In gelling #n advantage 
. ver poor old Scotland, which 1 hope will nol be 
Irreparable, for I trust you will return But If such 

ply Ca'-ncrlne- 

, rned Scotland 

. govern; I was 
.,11 mat 1s oe- 
, M l ns sontl- 

1 fear." she said, "that it |, not our safely wM, ?, w»H. one only, and tba* Is obr n.aHisr, old and help- 

' ... . ^ ^ #IIIC (IIP IUBI Ilium ' ‘P*#" " . _ , . 

I thinking Will you find in tOr on. lie Ymi know (D<inl fl|p l .| uU , lln< oolll rea,,,,,. v l wished to ,, v „„ r n„nl determination, then go In pesce and In 

■s.-re almost *1 the caatir beforr ll# huge bulk loomed i;jr| of Angut - fdi.uh. , el u , hope> imally, Mor 
blackly before them. There wn* something »o slnle- stuart a(«n, iqxiuw of Lord Methuen. 

■ t<r m IH dim. grim contour that for the first U 
Sinew he set out on thl# night »dvcnlur- a simpiclon 
that he wa# acting unwnoly creased th- King # mind. 

Still, he medllaicd. It wa# hts mother's own cistlf. 
tb» constable of which wu* a firm friend of Ms own. 
almost, as one might any. * relative, for he wa# the 
y-.unew brothel of ' hts mother's hu«hunfJ, so whut 
Could br jmlys with hl» vl»M? 

"You ar> not inking m* ;o I 

"Xo. to the postern door" 

uuu ibk** 

Dilrdl Marg 

u*: M ' Ih. : 

1 ag®ii. 

owner uf this csiwt 

■ sume slrungliolil which gives Immunlly to 
uglntew eon liurdly 
confer sccurlly upon James V , itudr p 

family of the Rod 

CHAP. V. — The 7lot Revealed. 

Tin • girl •wiiyod at If she would fall, all color struck 
*uddcnly from her fare She leaned, nearly fainting, 
agalniit ihe #lonc wall. pa#*lng her hnnii once or twice 
main entrance," he across hor terror-filled eye*. 

"Great God." »bd mooned, "do nol tell me that >'0U 

The helpless IWhi.l yank hor head against the will J^„Vnnted, nnd 
,1 into n fury of nerplng Grahams und t 

mild the King soothingly, rising to his executed. io his gmoloosly rondone mv mierventlon fnt hor. janesjll. wax carried ofT’i 
dispute? You arc dl«eu#*liig an Important art. y| |r Aiesnrder Boyd was bchendixl 
. in tl* eommi»#ton nf which all — ntlmeuj ’hmilit n „ p j,„ w » ifferod forfeiture 
tie llmlnated; nn act wnloli requires ihe haul •trang ,| ml v lolenc» Is usunly futtl. 
mln.i *r x man brought to Ixir upon Ihe p'"' "id , 0 .” answered Cotherlm 

con# "f It* consummation. You arc dealing with It on 
Itandpolnt of the heart and not of the 
iimnoii with women, and one thill ha? 

"No Certainly Hint would lie lop 
Aro you then In tills plot ngulnat m. 

"I have not heard of any plot. If there I* on- I 
know nothin* of It. 1 merely aoquulnt you with soin.- 
c« o »f my f«ors." 

■Then I chiirgu you a# a loyal subject of tho luwfui tiroly from th. 
king to guide me from Ihla stronghold into which i head, on error 

luivn neon eosenod by treo< fiery and falsehood." ever prceludoil th-lr effi-uiivr dealing with mnl 
Catherine, who had sntsred silently and unnotlctd state. You will t#««lon me. Lady l»at"T. 
through Ihe smaller door. ri >w slopped forward, drew that your slater take# # much more i>r«i-tic..l vnr 

hor slslor Into tho room, took out the hug* Key. of tne situation limn you do. She Is perfectly rignt 

Jams*" Kliig of Scotland, here and nlono in' this «><«"> 'he door and locked It. then turned riercei, t , in holding that, having me prl, r^ 

P.ut th. postern door Ir .itusfed In lh< wall high den of Douglases " "is King. Her beautiful white right arm was bars fcoMtblc fi> allow me ta ' go se.. Me.s 

above niv reach, ll I# mt.nded for tbe exit of .» "Douglisf cried the King, roused at the nateq l<> Ihe elbow, the h*.»e sleeve rollev! up. and In her *r*'i*r ‘ 0l| y ,,mn rnl, V °* nH " 

poulble in* s*. i: err during » »fi*c *nd nob for ihe name "How can there be Douglas.# In the Castle of hand she held a dogger ti lth her back aguloet lh« "Docs Your MaJ.-*' i.r n guest. Duuns, my mothev’s house, cunstsbltd by mjr friend, newly locked door. #be said- mur. 

ug Stuart ?' "I'll b* Your Majesty's guide from thli castle. 

Hlt'lll H»» i iuu"iin t urn ivuwwii, i * 

point nut Is Hint a - fiixslnstlon or th ■■d'lurn of king# lho .myitght. Your Journey .hall not h. , ’ > I 

very rarely accomplish their ohi. . .irnnes I. * '» m „ nul before you add fim.llly to your intention#. I 

Idas a rosulte « Stuart#. ,hlnk It would be but f.i‘r to Inform your I-nJy Motner 

wo Chamberses w mriure I , hc King Is »nr..u* Ui be of service to her. an! 

murderer* pyonte.i "• My fD""' lirrIllip , »h, mo, be content to accept what her 
ne tl'.yd*. blit jaughtM* „ rr , pppar ntly too proud to recolv - 
lx brother nnd j, m(at p | n c.d the key one* mor* In the lock, and 
l nave shown (i . rn|nB l0 (-..thorlnc snld. 

"Mv fair aningonlsl. 1 bid you good-night " 
tl, .rretched out hi# right hand, and *he. with « 

odd ai 
I thl. 



n««ii ••milted nnd the mnn wh* fi"" " n "’ ,ii ,n,-.„ I.vd visible reluctance, placed her palm In 

known to thl- day. Your great-g .*«»»*» bn^lf - 

murdered the Block Dough.# In 80 ,hu ". hr,n “ 

it ling in accordance with my Instructions.” 

-ru, ., the King raised to his Up* M>e hand which 

.. ,1,,,. - mrd like to have #Un kSi. him down. 

"And yon, -"e«T Isabel, who#* gentl* words I shall 
not soon forge', you will not ref. is* me your osmtr 
• No. Your .Mijcsty. It you will promise to think 

l *Th# r Klng^however. did not raise her hand lo Ms 
in* nn arm shout her waist he drew hcr 
and klsxed her N*tl momeni he was 

iocs lour maj t*.» ois*'- ,--v» — * — • . - . . . hurrying down the stone *l*(W. snd the two wxr* 

do,?" raked Isabel. aroo*«1. giulng at the yoing may b* th« better able to advise , )an « together. 

her tear# 4 true objocl-rvvengo and my daath - «V * nnl ' 

’ srgue In favor 

when I i 

thing " 
of your own 

Inf Mr urnrxl ftonor. for h* hR«l c OI* n * u * ,If 1 * f ‘‘ 
conduct, yrt he profiled by. Ms ac» ' MRhw my 
klnsmep " i i 

"I sec. laid* Catherine, that yoVsr ?■» «*" v * r * C ' 1 
In history for me to contend with 
on that »t>bject." said th. K'ng wl' 

"We will, therefore. rv#trlct the Inqu- 
people should. Tell 


„ silent laugh- , . 

,h* present "P*- P'* dn * " 

new. s* lhal X 

man through hor tear*. 

■ i 



Hohenzollern family, to which FHn 
# J Emperor William belong, in on-- of the m< 
■ Europe. 

1" fact. IU genealogical tree ha* a* n 
the Trojans who fled to the north Wjiei 
1Toy was raptured 

The nnmo Hoheniollem «u first given to a rugged 
crag tn the middle of the Swabian Alps. This crag wi> 
royal family or Prussia— the first nest of the Black E 
The flrsl great Holienzullern to be mentioned In hi 
who. In UTS. was made a Prince of Iho lloly Homan E 
In 1117 one of hls descendants beenme. by purchase, 
of Brudenburg The llohentollern family continued 
tint II. In 17W It came to Frederick the Great.' the ret 
the Horn mollern dynasty and the German Empire. 

From Frederick the Grcul (he family tree runs do 
Kaiser as follows.>- and 
■indent In 

folio of I he 

Trcdciick ihc Great. 1740 - 17 «* 
Trederick Ulilliam IT.. niMW 
Trederlek Ulilliam m.. i707-im« 
Trederick Ulilliam TU., iMO-ite 
Trederick Ulilliam Lewis. wv* 
Trcdcrlck ITT., im. 
Ulilliam TT. 

They have been a race or soldiers, battling to axis I Ih. houi 
of tholr country or to add prestige to her flue. From >• errlleit 
they were prepared for the responsibilities of iho tor >» with «■ 
diligence a, if they were athletes training for o coni' 

Emperor William's young sons, for Instances or* 0 >*ed to bi 
6 o Chick. Winter and summer, and rcudy for s piling' ' an Icy 
Half an hour later they bre^ifa*' With Ihelr fall r, dlnlngj 
simplest and plainest food They are repaired to give t i- military 
on entering and tewing the room, and the converaatt^' 1» goner 
mlllUry and naval subject* 

Every hour of the day l« laid oui like the running >cheilul 
train But bonks, atbtellcs and romps are so lnl*rmlr 0 td that ll 







drrn have plcrm of relaxation. For hair an Imur every morning 
and evening tin Kaiser romps with them, rolling about on the floor, 
playing 'Tieor i d "Indian.- u» if he were only ten years old In- 
stead of torty-uirve 

Sometlmei . w hole family. Including the Empress, carry their 
noon luncheon to ti woods nt WUhelmshohe Then, lying on the soft 
gras* beneath the I, k trees, the Kaiser unbuttons hls stiff military coat 
and has o good t uo vfiih the youthful Hohcnzollorn*. eating cold 
chicken or pork pit when the frolic comes to on end 

But fun Is only ,n occasional Incident In a Hohcnzollcrns life With 
Iho Kola or. us will hls Imperial grandfathers, the throne U a business 
am] a rvsponslblllp Upon hls shoulder* rests the German Empire, atid 
hls dally endeavor i* to increase the number of Its friends and to de- 
crease that of Its rotmlcs 

The llnhcnzoll and adoptability has always mode a favor- 

able Impression up. n American* who have been prvssnted at the German 

In ISM. says Poultney Bigelow, an American otllcer was presented t- 
ibe Kolser at the r vitle manoeuvres. 

•'Well, what th. >ou think of the Emperor 7" asked Mr Bigelow. 

•Immense!" re. lint «h* oOlcsr. with enthusiasm "He has a genuine 
Yankee hoafl on him!" 

The Hnficnzoli. ru- arc to Germany what the Bourbon* wero to 
France, or what tn. Rominotf* sre to Russia, ihr Hapsburgs to Austria 
and the Otivlphs t.. Great Britain 

No other tamlly could hold together so well a* the Hohensollern* the 
various sections o' 'he German Empire, for while the prestige of Iheir 
family Is bused ui "> force. " nl *° bMm founded on fair play to all 
classes of citizens 

Emparor Wllliim refuses io side with the workers against the em- 
ployees. or with tin employers against the gvorkers He declsres himself 
to be the ruler of "all the people •• 

Since the days of If"' nr * 1 Frederick every Hohviis jllern Is obliged I" 
learn a trade Eiaeeror William serve! an apprenticeship with a glove- 
maker, and print H»"f> with a watchmaker 

Scwtlcred about the royal palace m Berlin aro fancy clocks made by 
Ih«r young Prince U I* sold *l"»* ho never send* hla watch to a Jeweller, 
hot If II needs repairing takes It apart and llaes II hlenself 



‘"I the iiftrriivait 

the Columbia. 

----- Dditruu 
than i hr*. l 

of"««u‘r, tc, 

rrhramlnc Gilbert «a, M * > s, mV ‘ ' ult '■ aro 

r -■'• 

M«ua«- i.-ro,u-k, ,.^';;:; * '«“”« 
Wmic?E , i';,g?r'“ Al,rcd r '7/ 4 '“"'i 

®™{R!T, f^T ,u *•• *<«- 


.V',o ;;:^::;:r n -!r.^ ;;V‘ 

cb-h‘ 0 ?', *;=•-»; 
ffTOiin.i <,* one or * ' . ** 
i rultoM II, r ' u " Pfomlnim . ... - 

T,ue rilUIIAl, HOfUlTl. 

Ilprltnl ofJVIo llo , n r^, ll , y 

Tl.r nr xl ro«rrlalran«ri v> be .-nvn by the 
«ltor.nory u. II.. cUlr^l. „ bi,-,. 

on* noli, ...m-e, ,, Mr , -. . 

or <. T ir, r ror u.u “;it 

•■ -l"K lb. Ihe . oniervKaiiu nB | church. 

r. « Mu-r Join rr. rrv.a from Mr. 

J* “»• ,h ‘‘' '•'*» <» <■■ «.w ,b„„i , 

sr; r*^r::r,o f ri h? •*".«. 

xom.lblneVj , ,™'.;' 1 ! 1 ' h, ' , , , „ w,H *"'K 

»■: h ^4 «v tu? r r .r^"rsssf 
3? S/ftrs arSSJS 5 

"'* ™fr Vk".: 

bn°! k 'S S- b l- 

..- 1 . I n. r ui.ii- lUlX BOl.., Wanner 

Jr'" ,rom " ,,lr W'alkurr.' \Vaf 


■oiuclhlu* Owr WM,h VII 



His Visit Marks Important Epaoh in 
Our Diplomatic Relations 


Royal Welcome Awaits Kaiser's 
Special Ambassador. 


Tin npprnschlnjt visit or Print-.' Henry of 
Prussia :o this country mnrluwun Imtmrtnnt In the history of tin- dlplomotlc re- 
lations between the Unhid Sim . » and for- 
cIko countries. A great many princes tuivc 
Visited Ann rti -i In the past. hut none of 

Prince Henry. 

tlirni ever came for anythin* hut his . 
pleasure. Prince Henry comes UH tho ape- 
elol ambassador of Ids brother, the Empe- 
ror of Germany, lie cornea on nn Important 
errand, to lie sure, ns tho personal rvprc- 
aentiitUr of his monarch, lle'also comes 
to brln* n message of good Will from Ills 
(toi ermn-nt to tho people of tho United 
Ctates. These points are whnt lend n.ldl- 
Monsl Interest to his visit. Ho will be ac- 
corded a royal reception, not only by the 
name natives of Ills own country who have 
become elllrenx of this great republic, but 
( native-born Anierjcnns who appreciate that 
Germany Is one of the of the clv- 
lllsi'il C "nitric*, and who lire anxious to 
shun m him upon Ids Initial visit the glo- 
ries of Our laud and people 
The nominal purpose of Prince Henry s 
Journey t>. the I'nlitd State* at this time In 
to e pi" at .. Ih.- lunnrhlnjr of E m ,,. nr 

\v it tin in - pivv • •uerleon-bullt yacht In 
Jvewark .. jn «u'. ilinu next month. II 



Soon the elfin callers vanished ; 

Soon the children, tired with playing, 
Closed their bright eyes, sweetly smiling; 
And we saw but dying embers. 

Then we said, with best of wishes, 

“ Good-night, friends, until the morning.” 

Sweeter waking had one never : 

Nought but glimmer of the sunshine 
Breaking gently through the tree-tops, 
Whispering, “ Up! for work or pleasure!” 

Many horn's were spent in rambling ; 
Lured by the delicious coolness 
Of the woods, all veiled in shadows, 
Carpeted with greenest velvet, 

Netted with the partridge berry. 

Seats were found of rarer pattern 
Than our human workmen fashion; 
While around our feet, in plenty, 

Grew gray mosses, scarlet lichens, — 

“ Fairy drinking-cups,” we called them. 

But, with never wearying footsteps, 
Onward moved the sun above us; 

And, descending his bright stairway, 
Paused a moment on the mountain ; 
While we, on the rocks moss-covered, 
Watched him as he kissed each flowret, 
Tinted every shrub with beauty, 

And the clouds with untold splendor, — 
Then was gone ; and left us singing 
“ Glory, glory dwelleth 
In Immanuel’s land.” 


F. C. 



It is cold and dismal, and the New England hills look gloomy 
1 enough in the distance. The sunset, although rosy, seems cold; 
unlike the glow of our southern sky. 

As I sit by my window and look at the clouds I think of home. 
There is the great log-house with its long piazzas covered with vines ; 
they cling to the mossy frames of the small windows with the tight 
grasp of many fingers. The faithful dog is lying on the door-step 
that he has guarded for years. I stand before the great fireplace, 



Vedas and Vedantas, deep in all the Shastras, strong, acquainted 
with the secrets of nature, practising every duty, penetrating, 
amiable to all, upright, ample in knowledge, of noble mind, ever 
attended by the good as the ocean by rivers, the companion of truth> 
social, the only lovely one, Rama, the seat of every virtue, the in- 
creaser of Koushulya’s joy, profound like the deep, immovable as 
Ileemaluya, heroic as Vishnu, grateful to the sight as the full-orbed 
moon, in anger dreadful as the conflagration, in patience like the 
gentle earth, generous as Dhanuda, in verity unequalled. By these 
his matchless virtues he conferred felicity on his subjects, and theie 
fore is he known by the name Rama.” 

This poem of twenty-five thousand verses is tedious, both on ac- 
count of its length and the carefulness with which each detail is 
painted ; but to those who love to enter the realms of antiquity, and 
who can cull out the beauties from the rank weeds in the midst of 
which ’they grow — to those the Ramayana caunot fail to be a 
garden of delight. M * M * F * 


On a mountain, all surrounded 
By the fragrant pines and spruce trees, 
Where a brook, with ceaseless chatter, 
Sought its way through ferns and mosses, 
Stood our tents; their snowy canvass 
Only adding to the beauty 
Of the quiet scene around us. 

Ere night fell, we all assembled 
On the rocks to watch the sunset. 

When the last bright ray had faded, 

Lost itself among the shadows, 

For a while we sat in silence, 

Thinking, till the stare were shining. 
Then we rose, and sauntered slowly 
Through the clearing to the brookside ; 
Stepped across the brook, and clambered 
Up the bank to our encampment, 

Where the firelight, brightly gleaming, 
Soon buguiled us into laughter ; 

As the flames, like elfin people, 

Danced upon the hemlock branches, 

Or, like children of the earth-folk, 

Played at hide-and-seek so gaily. 


around which generations have gathered, and watched the gum log 
blaze and the shadows dance on the hearth. 

I see again my baby brother’s dimpled hands throwing kisses to 
me, and hear my mother say, as her eyes fill with tears, “A year 
will soon be passed, and then you will be home again.” 

My older brother draws the brim of his hat down over his eyes ; 
and my father, saying, “ God bless you, my little daughter,” takes 
me to the carriage and kisses me good-bye. Old uncle Ned whips 
up the greys, and we are soon rolling over the rough road toward 
the station. 

The day is one of November’s most melancholy ; and, as we drive 
into the deep shadow of the great oak wood, the wind sighs through 
the bare branches, and catches up the brown, dead leaves, carrying 
them far away from their summer home upon the trees. 

I can see a robin shivering in a poplar near the road-side, and 
trying to cheat himself into the idea that he is comfortable, as he 
warbles a few notes, doubtless his farewell to the summer. I wish 
I were a robin ; I would build my nest in that old poplar tree, and 
never, never fly away. 

But why am I dreaming of the good-byes, the birds, and that 
Southern home ? I must “ yield to the dictates of reason, and let 
the memories of the past be effaced.” But a Southerner feels lonely 
here in New England, where she finds no friendly black faces, no 
log-cabins cosily set down in large corn-fields, with beds of bright 
marigolds and poppies in front making a pleasing contrast with the 
little black faces that are always peeping out; no real plantation 
‘ Ha ! ha ! ’ to disturb the busy buzz of the New England air ; no kind 
flattering black auntie to attend to all her wants; no merry old 
black uncle to relate to her many strange signs, interpret her dreams, 
and tell her fortune. 

Most of all she finds no time for this dreaming. Every one is in 
a hurry, and the hurry is contagious. She gets her words twisted 
in her efforts to talk like a Yankee ; her brain is confused by the 
rush, and at last she gives up in despair. She talks so slowly that 
no one can stop to hear what she has to say, and walks so slowly 
that her Yankee friends get tired waiting for her. She finds no one 
who seems to be having a good, easy time, with nothing to do. 

H. E. 6 




On the coast of Wales there is an old stone house with French 
j windows, through which you can pass to a pleasant lawn. One side 
of the house is thickly covered with ivy, and all around are tall elm 
trees ; and behind, separating the lawn from the flower-garden, is a 
thick hedge of bright, dark holly. The lawn runs down almost 
to the water’s edge, where the waves break on high, black rocks. 
About half a mile further on is a smooth beach of yellow sand, 
where the children paddle all the morning in the sun, and watch 
their castles being carried away by the receding tide. 

In one place, a little sheltered from the waves and wind, is the 
weir, owned by John Evans, who is the host of the stone house. At 
low tide the visitors all assemble around the weir, and the two 
dogs, Snap and Jack, are let loose. They instantly rush into the 
now shallow water, and are almost sure to come out bringing large, 
shining fish ; generally, at the right season for them, salmon. Lland- 
rillo is the name of this little place ; although when pronounced by 
a Welsh person you would never recognize it. In the course of 
your visit you will drive over to Llandudno, the next town, about 
four miles away. It is quite a fashionable summer resting-place, 
although very quiet. The bathing-vans are small, wooden houses 
on wheels, with one round window in the back. They hold about 
three people. At high tide they are drawn to a depth of water con- 
venient for the bathers. At low tide they are all drawn up in long 
lines in front of a barricade of donkeys and goat-carriages, almost 
constantly in demand. Not far from here is the light-house on its 
little island, at low tide a promontory, and easily reached from the 
main land. The rocks around are covered with the brightest sea- 
anemones, although they close instantly on seeing a shadow over 
them. For a little silver the old man who keeps the house will 
gladly show strangers from the topmost room, where the light is, 
down to his own little sitting-room, and tell long stories of his adven- 
tures here on stormy nights. His life has been spent almost entirely 
in this one lonely spot ; and since he was little more than a child it 
has been his pride to keep the light-reflectors around the lamp well 
polished. The grey stone walls of the light-house, and the sharp 
rocks all around it, present a dreary appearance to one not used to 
them, but to him they are dearer than any other place. After 
having once seen the place it is not easily forgotten ; and long after 
we had returned to our city home we thought of the old man in his 
lonely room, and of the old stone house at Llandrillo. h. j. G. 

Dear John, 

Here are some of the lyrics we might need 

Bess was Bess Brothers. She graduated in phys ed and dance from UNC at 
Greensboro and went to New York to study dance with Hajiya Holm- 
some sort of take off on New York , New York? 

Then How Are You Going to Keep Her Doun on the Farm After She's Seen 
New York? 

Dear John, 

Here are some ideas/requests for lyric making — 

Ron is from Blacksburg, Va. whene his father was Dean of Agriculture at 
VPI. After a year at Davidson College he went into the Army to win World 
War II for us a few months later — so a nice WW II, Navy song 

Bess grew up in LaGrange, N.C. where she undoubtedly yearned for glamor